Department of Molecular and Optical Physics - University of Freiburg, Germany.
Trapped-atom cooling beyond the Lamb-Dicke limit using electromagnetically induced transparency
Maryam Roghani and Hanspeter Helm
Institute of Physics, Albert Ludwigs University, Hermann-Herderstrasse 3, D-79104 Freiburg, Germany
Phys. Rev. A 77, 043418 (2008) [8 pages]
We investigate the cooling of trapped atoms by electromagnetically induced transparency under conditions of weak confinement and beyond the Lamb-Dicke limit, i.e., the spontaneous decay width is large compared to the trap oscillation frequency and the recoil energy is a substantial fraction of the vibrational energy spacing of the trap. Numerical solutions of the Liouville equation for a density matrix describing states of vibrational and electronic degrees of freedom show that vibrational cooling is feasible at even substantial values of the Lamb-Dicke parameter and under conditions of weak confinement, a situation where sideband pumping is inefficient. Our approach permits us to predict cooling efficiency and cooling rates under realistic experimental conditions for neutral atoms in optical dipole traps.
©2008 The American Physical Society
PACS: 37.10.De, 42.50.Gy, 42.50.Tx